Posted by: PARTHA DAS SHARMA | August 18, 2008

Effects of Environmental Degradation:

One of the greatest challenges facing humanity is environmental degradation, including deforestation, desertification, pollution, and climate change – an issue of increasing concern for the international community. Environmental degradation increases the vulnerability of the societies it affects and contributes to the scarcity of resources.

Climate change will lead to an increase in the intensity and frequency of weather extremes, such as heat waves, floods, droughts and tropical cyclones. The people hardest hit by climate change and environmental degradation are those living in the most vulnerable areas, including coastal communities, small island nations, Sub-Saharan Africa and Asian delta regions. It is the poorest of the poor, who lack the resources to prepare, adapt and rebuild, that are most affected.

Environmental degradation can lead to a scarcity of resources, such as water and farmable.

Extreme weather events, such as severe flooding, increase the spread of waterborne diseases, such as malaria and diarrhoea.

The effects of the major environmental problems on both health and productivity are:

a. Water pollution and water scarcity: As per the estimation of UN, more than two million deaths and billions of illnesses a year are attributable to water pollution. Water scarcity compounds these health problems. Productivity is affected by the costs of providing safe water, by constraints on economic activity caused by water shortages, and by the adverse effects of water pollution and shortages on other environmental resources such as, declining fisheries and acquifer depletion leading to irreversible compaction.

b. Air pollution: As per the estimation of UN, urban air pollution is responsible for 300,000—700,000 deaths annually and creates chronic health problems for many more people. Restrictions on vehicles and industrial activity during critical periods affect productivity, as does the effect of acid rain on forests and water bodies.

c. Solid and hazardous wastes: Diseases are spread by uncollected garbage and blocked drains; the health risks from hazardous wastes are typically more localized, but often acute. Wastes affect productivity through the pollution of groundwater resources.

d. Soil degradation: Depleted soils increase the risks of malnutrition for farmers. Productivity losses on tropical soils are estimated to be in the range of 0.5-1.5 per cent of GNP, while secondary productivity losses are due to siltation of reservoirs, transportation channels and other hydrologic investments.

e. Deforestation: Death and disease can result from the localized flooding caused by deforestation. Loss of sustainable logging potential and of erosion prevention, watershed stability and carbon sequestration provided by forests are among the productivity impacts of deforestation.

f. Loss of biodiversity: The extinction of plant and animal species will potentially affect the development of new drugs; it will reduce ecosystem adaptability and lead to the loss of genetic resources.

g. Atmospheric changes: Ozone depletion is responsible for perhaps 300,000 additional cases of skin cancer a year and 1.7 million cases of cataracts. Global warming may lead to increase in the risk of climatic natural disasters. Productivity impacts may include sea-rise damage to coastal investments, regional changes in agricultural productivity and disruption of the marine food chain.

Conclusion: The impact of environmental disasters can be devastating on the social, economic, and environmental systems of a country or region as well as the global ecosystem. Environmental disasters do not recognise man-made borders, and threaten the legacy left to future generations of a clean and supportive environment. Because of the interdependency of earth ecosystems international co-operation is paramount to prevent, and when disaster strikes, respond to relieve quickly and effectively the effects of environmental disasters. Thus, Governments, International organizations and communities must work together – at all levels – to lessen the risks associated with environmental degradation and its contributing factors, such as climate change, and ensure that vulnerable people are prepared to survive and adapt. At the same time, companies, organizations and individuals must also ensure that their work is environmentally friendly and sustainable.


  1. Thanks for dedicating yourself to the cause. I’m with you on this and am not going to lay down on the issue.
    What we need today is an American Movement on the scale of the Space Race, back in the 60’s. Kennedy said we would put a man on the moon and people laughed at him. But enough people got behind it to make it happen.
    Our planets health is a lot more important than putting someone on the moon. The problem is that people today are not of the “Bold, deliberate and decisive” persuasion of our Fathers. It’s time we take the feed bags off and get off the couch and away from the T.V and start to make some change.
    Macro Environmental issues are hard to wrap you’re head around, but if everyone in the world were like you and I, then we would see some real change.

    Keep up the good fight,


  2. Thanks yar it is realy good

  3. its realy nice article
    i m with u

  4. nice article ………….kep it up

  5. Hey..thx a lot helped me 4 my project….

  6. thanks… helped me in ma project..!!

  7. I think what you are doing is really helping the environment.

  8. thanks for the information its really helpful

  9. thanks it helped me for doing my project.

  10. I think what u are doing is very good and i will entreat u to continue the good work because without u how could i have done my project.THANKS ALOT.

  11. Simply I have found information from enlightened people.Keep it up.God bless you exceedingly

  12. thx very nice&helpfull

  13. hey this is an great issue and should be published !

  14. it gave me an A in my end of semester exams. thanks very much.

  15. may allah help u my frnd. u helped me with my course work keep it up on serving the environment.

  16. Thanks for dedicating yourself to the cause. I’m with you on this and am not going to lay down on the issue.

  17. It helped me in my project and helped me fetch 25 out of 25

  18. you have provided agood material for my project thanks

  19. Hello Partha,
    I really wanna appreciate your such giant step towards the protection of environment.
    Hats off to you!!!!!!
    Prashant Parihar

  20. realy short & self explanatory. I hope all students of development studies will have acces to your write up.WELL DONE

  21. Wow! this is 2 gud ! it helped me in my eve project! thnk u!

  22. thnxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx a lotttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttt
    to provide me with such a nice material for my eve project .i scored20 out of 20……………………………..
    keep sending these sort of information to public for saving environment .i thank u emmenselyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy.byeeeeeeeee.

  23. tnx men diz is my assignment

  24. wow! well done, helped me a lot when doing my project. thanx

  25. thanks for ur help..^_^

  26. Tnks, it is a very nice article.

  27. It’s nice to see that there are some comunity who really care of these enxiroment issues and try to solve them.Thanks to you by nature.

  28. thanks alot. it really helped me in writing my term paper. God bless you and enlarge your coast

  29. U just assisted me in my assignment. Thanks

  30. tanx alot….i wish i can get more free essays….

  31. thankful

  32. thkx a lot. this info helped me in my evs project. again thkx a lot lot lot!!!!!!!!!

  33. above information is really fantastic

  34. Thnx, ur work has helped me alot.

  35. thanks a lot -it helped 4 my competition 2morow…….

  36. i just want to appreciate you.your write-up abt environment will pave a way for a sustainable environment

  37. You are great guys

  38. this article is very nice it helps me in scoring 20 out of 20 thanks a lot,………..

  39. thanks dude..

  40. nice piece of environmental advice

  41. thanks ! it is really very important to care the health of our environment or we can say our beauty nature…so that nature can also provide a better health to us…

  42. thanks very much, i really appreciate your tireless efforts, i have used your article freely for my course work and pray that God rewards you abundantly, thanks. by julius ceasar, uganda christian university mukono, Uganda

  43. God bless u and do more research, this work is very vital for my course work and i have learned so much from it.

  44. tnx.god bless to all of are the answer to my questions.

  45. thanks this article really helped me

  46. Your work has helped me to fulfill an assignment. keep it up and God bless.

  47. thanks it helped me for my school essays

  48. thanks! it helps me in completing my most important assignment

  49. thank u very much! i hav never read an article as great as this one! i loved ur conclusion the most. 🙂

  50. tnx and God bless u

  51. in tha past ten years ,corporate Social and market Research har established a benchmark ranking of SA most caring compnies.Aspects demontrating care include, among others, the followng socio economic issues which would have a impact profoundly negative bearing on busines operations e.g HIV/AIDS,unemployment,environmetal degradation,poverty and crime

  52. it helped me to collect data for project

  53. I will what i can to pretect the Environment. Thanks for your nice presentation.

  54. wow, tnx for adding to my kwoledge on environment and sustainability

  55. Thanks for the team that made this up it realy helped my seminar thanks a lot keep it up

  56. thank you for this information,u have really helped me.

  57. I think you are really helpful person because It helped me to prepare project.

  58. I agree with the effects given above and i join in soliciting for the intervention of the government in order that this case be solved

  59. It is truly motivating and being an active citizen we should try to do best at an individual level…

  60. Your write up is better informed and all encompassing, it seek to move from emotionalism perseption of environment to a long lasting solution.

  61. I like dis. I jst wish Nigerians will start thinking this way. tnx a lot. tis my assignment

  62. it helped in my project

  63. thanx for your pertinent idea

  64. thank u so much …… it helped me a lot …… nice article u made

  65. Man in his quest for industrialisation has made several imprints on the earth system. These imprints may be positive or negative, one of such imprints is the ozone layer depletion and its consequent consequences like intensive heat, acid rain, desertification, flood,loss of bio-diversity, ocean acidification, volcanic eruption, rise in sea level
    Climate change is a global disaster that affects the social, economical and ecological system which can be defined as an extreme change in weather condition e.g.temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, e.t.c. as a result of anthropogenic factors or human induced activities like burning of fossil fuel, bush burning, deforestation, overgrazing, e.t.c
    As the world focuses on preservation of nature as mitigation and adaptation strategies against the effects of climate change, the need for sensitisation is key.
    Prevention they say is better than cure, which is why there is need to reach to the general public and notify them of the causes, effects of climate change and control methods via the youths as well as Creating a forum for inter-agency and state discussions on the built environment issues….

  66. This is was helpful.

  67. i need to start a environmental foundation against environmental pollution,
    specially air pollution and water pollution. i have discovered new method .


  69. nice work thanks

  70. Thank you very much. The answer has been so helpful

  71. thanks very much for help.

  72. Good Jod you are doing here.

  73. I am happy for the contribution you are passing across on this site in respect to our environment.

  74. Thanks this article helped me a lot.

  75. I am happy to read the contents of Samuel Akinrotiba and Partha Das Sharma I wish I can dreate such weblog and get time to spread the knowledge

  76. cool helps me in my project

  77. meaningful,helpful

    • good work, keep it up to safe our environment

  78. too good

  79. Environmental degradation is a curse to the poor but a privilege to the rich, discuss. This was given to me as a course work and its so uplifting that this is helpful. Thanks

  80. Good work

  81. Thanks, your work have really help me to fulfill an assignment, please keep it up on the good work and God will reward you.

  82. Reblogged this on Cleantech Solutions and commented:
    The impact of environmental disasters can be devastating on the social, economic, and environmental systems of a country or region as well as the global ecosystem. Environmental disasters do not recognise man-made borders, and threaten the legacy left to future generations of a clean and supportive environment. Because of the interdependency of earth ecosystems international co-operation is paramount to prevent, and when disaster strikes, respond to relieve quickly and effectively the effects of environmental disasters.

  83. ཁྱེད་ཚོས་འདིེ་བཀོད་པའི་གནས་ཚུལ་རྣམས་ཧ་ཅང་ཡག་པོ་འདུག མ་ཟད་འདིས་ང་ལ་སློབ་སྐྱེད་ཧ་ཅང་མང་རགས་སོང་། ད་དུང་ངས་ང་ཚོའི་འཛམ་གླིང་འདིར་གང་བྱེད་དགོས་ལ་དང་མི་དགོས་པའི་གནས་ལུགས་ཡང་ཤེས་སོང་།
    Thank you very much for your wonderful information about the degradation, it gave me lots of knowledge n also I knew what I need to do for this home n not to do.

  84. From also thank u for your wonderful information about the degradation, with it i had won the 1st prize on speech competition about degradation. And I had also got the knowledge about it. Thank you so so so so so sooooooooo much.

  85. Thank you so much coz through this i have learned much and helped me to complete my projects.

  86. […] […]

  87. Get this project of Effects on environment – List of information of industries it has all the things you need including aims and objectives,analysis of data,detailed report of project,suggestion,discussion,conflusion

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